A late 18th-early 19th-century Kou wood calabash, substantial in size, is in excellent condition for its age and has a significant presence. Kou wood is valued for its workability and fine grain. It did not impart a bad taste to food as did some of the other woods, such as koa. Kou wood bowls were usually reserved for the ali?i (royalty), while the maka?ainana (commoners) used containers made of hollowed-out gourds. The Kou tree once was common along the shore, was attacked in the 1850s by a non-native insect that almost wiped out the species. It has a diameter of 18.75”, the height of 7.25”, and a circumference of 61”. The bowl has three pewa, “butterfly,” patches; there is one on the side, one on the bottom with some surrounding resin, and one on the lip with additional resin work.